August 27, 2014

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Books help prevent ‘summer slide’ in Ohio PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, June 26, 2014 9:22 AM

By Mary Kuhlman • Ohio News Connection

COLUMBUS - Even as Ohio children enjoy their summer vacation, educational experts say it's important they find the time to sharpen their reading skills.

Janet Ingraham Dwyer, library consultant for the State Library of Ohio, says studies have confirmed that learning loss in the summer months can result in kids having to play catch-up at school in the fall.

"If a child is not engaging - with particularly reading, and other literacy activities - those skills are going to slip from lack of practice," says Dwyer.

That loss, or "summer slide," can be prevented through daily reading. Dwyer notes that summer reading programs are a great option to get children excited about reading, and libraries across the state offer programs that combine educational and fun activities for kids of all ages.

For children who are reluctant to read, Dwyer suggests allowing them to choose books on topics that interest them. Comic books, graphic novels and read-along audio books are good options for those who aren't strong readers.

Above all, she says, reading should not be considered a chore.

"Reading for pleasure is such an important and profound experience," says Dwyer. "The more a child likes to read and enjoys reading, and sees reading as an intrinsically satisfying and rewarding activity, the more that child is going to read."

She says parents can set good examples by reading themselves, or sitting down and enjoying a book with their child.

"The more that reading is a natural and normal part of what takes place in the family and in the household, the more in general the children, particularly younger children, will engage with it - because they are modeling what their parents do," she explains.

A recent survey of 1,000 parents found only one in three read with their child every night, and half said their children spend more time with TV or video games than books.

Size categories for Concentrated Animal Feeding Facilities PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, June 25, 2014 3:49 PM

Ohio Department of Agriculture Fact Sheet:

Concentrated Animal Feeding Facility size changed from animal unit definition to small, medium, large and major

As it relates to agriculture, the term animal unit was first used in 1976 as part of the federal rules and regulations requiring states to participate in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program. One animal unit was set to equal a 1,000-pound feeder steer. To calculate the number of animal units for other livestock species, multipliers were used. For example, the multiplier factor for ducks was 5 (5,000 animal units); mature dairy cows, 0.7 (700 animal units); swine weighing more than 55 pounds, 2.5 (2,500 animal units); laying hens, 100 (100,000 animal units), and turkeys, 55 (55,000 animal units).

Ohio S.B. 141 required the Concentrated Animal Feeding Facility (CAFF) Advisory Committee to conduct an examination of the scientific appropriateness of the definition of animal unit and prepare and submit their findings and any recommendations for legislative changes to the definition to the General Assembly, the governor, and the directors of the state Departments of Agriculture, Environmental Protection, and Natural Resources – which has been completed. S.B. 141 required farms with more than 1,000 animal units to have a state Permit to Install (PTI) and Permit to Operate (PTO).

Livestock farming today is drastically different than when the animal unit measurement was first created more than 25 years ago. In 1976, most concentrated livestock farming was in large, out-door pens. Now most species are housed in enclosed facilities with manure and rainwater storage facilities. The original definition of animal units also wasn’t based on the science of manure production; i.e., five ducks don’t produce as much manure as a 1,000-pound steer.

Adopting the categories changed by new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency rules that account for the larger size variations in livestock farming today, the CAFF Advisory Committee changed the animal unit measurements to small, medium, large and major.


Large CAFF

Large concentrated animal feeding operations are required to obtain a PTI/PTO if they stable or confine at least the number of animals specified in any of the following categories:

700 Mature dairy cows (whether milked or dry)

1,000 Veal calves

1,000 Cattle, other than mature dairy cattle or veal calves

2,500 Swine (each weighing 55 pounds or more)

500 Horses

10,000 Sheep or lambs

55,000 Turkeys

30,000 Laying hens or broilers (using a liquid manure handling system)

82,000 Laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)

125,000 Chickens other than laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)

5,000 Ducks (using a liquid manure handling system)

30,000 Ducks (using a non-liquid manure handling system)


Major CAFF

Major concentrated animal feeding facilities have a total design capacity of more than ten times the number of animals specified in the large category, and are required to obtain a state permit and certification from local governments.


Medium CAFF

Medium concentrated animal feeding operations are facilities that:

(1) stable or confine the number of animals specified in any of the following categories:

200 to 699 Mature dairy cows (whether milked or dry)

300 to 999 Veal calves

300 to 999 Cattle, other than mature dairy cattle or veal calves

750 to 2,499 Swine (each weighing 55 pounds or more)

3,000 to 9,999 Swine (each weighing less than 55 pounds)

150 to 499 Horses

3,000 to 9,999 Sheep or lambs

16,500 to 54,999 Turkeys

9,000 to 29,999 Laying hens or broilers (using a liquid manure handling system)

25,000 to 81,999 Laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)

37,500 to 124,999 Chickens other than laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)

10,000 to 29,999 Ducks (using a non-liquid manure handling system)

1,500 to 4,999 Ducks (using a liquid manure handling system)


(2) does one of the following:

Discharges pollutants directly into waters of the United States through a ditch constructed by humans, and flushing system constructed by humans, or another similar device constructed by humans.

Discharges pollutants directly into waters of the United States that originate outside of and that pass over, across, or through the facility or otherwise come into direct contact with the animals at the facility.


Small CAFF

Small concentrated animal feeding operations are those that do not fit the definitions established for the large and medium animal feeding facilities, and are designated by the Agriculture Director as a small concentrated animal feeding operation pursuant to state rules.

Citizens’ group voices concerns about influx of megafarms PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, June 25, 2014 3:02 PM
At a public meeting June 24, residents listen to information about more planned "megafarms" in Paulding County. Jim Langham/Paulding County Progress

By JIM LANGHAM • Progress Feature Writer

PAULDING – A group of local citizens met at the Paulding Eagles on Tuesday evening, June 24 to express their concern about the arrival of yet another “megafarm” on county soil.

Pat Paulus, one of the spokespersons for the group, said that a proposed 2,400-head hog farm on County Road 95 has brought many citizens to concern over the question, “where is it going to go from here?”

Paulus, Matt Strayer and Lou Levy served as concerned citizens who led the discussion. Terry Buehler served as moderator for the group.

The premises of the group, Citizens Concerned for Quality Health, Water and Air in Paulding County, include, “we have the right to enjoy our home and property,” “we care about quality health, air and water” and “we want legislation, regulations and local control that protect us and our rights.”

Paulus, a native of Paulding County, was a professor of biology at Texas Christian University, but has recently moved back to the area. Concern over leaching of manure into county soil and water is one of her biggest interests at this time, Paulus said.

“I am a concerned neighbor. I believe strongly that we have a right to enjoy our homes and property,” Paulus said. “We deserve to have a quality environment, healthy air and good water. I would like to have us gain local control over some of these projects.

“I am concerned about land for habitat, restoration and water quality for Flat Rock,” continued Paulus. “I’m sorry that it took until now for me to get involved.

“I’m here because if we don’t do anything we will be a manure pit, a sewage lagoon,” added Paulus. “We have no local control. The commissioners didn’t bring this to us. It won’t magically go away. Everybody knows there is not an infinite amount of manure that can be absorbed. It’s got to max out somewhere.”

Paulus said that those who feel there is nothing to be concerned about should talk to people with lakefront property on Grand Lake St. Marys in Mercer County.

“You will find out if you have real estate next to a manure facility, there is no getting out; it has no market value, it will go down, down, down,” stressed Paulus.

Jocelyn Henderson, resource management specialist for the Department of Natural Resources, Division of Soil and Water, was present for the meeting.

Henderson said that her office examines reported incidents of concern in northwest Ohio. She urged those with concerns to contact her office. She noted that the primary concern of her department is that of protection of water.

Dr. Don Snyder said that he had been health commissioner of the county for 20 years. Snyder said that it has been his experience not to expect help from the Environmental Protection Agency, an organization that he feels is simply out to make money for itself.

“They (megafarmers) have every right to be there,” said Snyder. “You can’t stop them. Your right as a property owner is not equal to the right of those farms.

“Don’t tell us that it (manure) is not going to leach out in time, that it is not going to run out into the waterways,” said Snyder. “You still have a way to fight this. Make petitions, take samples, check high water, see if there is something there that promotes illness. You have something to fight for.

“They (lawmakers) have a right to set penalties and laws against anything that is a detriment to your health. Don’t feel helpless,” added Snyder.

Jerry Klopfenstein, who manages a large hog farm, said that taking on such a farm has been a good way to keep his children close to home and provide employment for them.

He noted that he has a structure by design that will hold over 500 days of manure.

“I watch the ground condition,” said Klopfenstein. “I work in those barns every day. I love to have family and friends around to work with. I want manure on my land; I want the nutrients to stay there.

“Regardless where you are, you have positives and negatives,” continued Klopfenstein. “Our kids came to us and wanted an opportunity to help take care of the land.”

Strayer, who lives in town, said that there are some days when manure from the farms can be smelled four or five miles away. He also commented on some of the social concerns of what such projects can cause in the community.

“Traditionally, rural communities have been more close-knit than urban,” said Strayer. “We come together, we can be close. I’m afraid that some of this will undo some of that.”

The next citizens' group meeting is planned for 7 p.m. Tuesday, July 8 at the Paulding Eagles.


PCH implements electronic record keeping
Wednesday, June 25, 2014 8:45 AM



PAULDING – Paulding County Hospital has recently completed its implementation of a new electronic health record system that would allow the facility to keep a patient’s entire record as part of an electronic database.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 requires that hospitals and physicians switch over from paper records to electronic records in order to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce disparities; engage patients and family; improve care coordination; prevent duplication of services; and provide global access to medical records while maintaining privacy and security of patient health information.

Possible compensation to farmers who suffer disaster loss
Wednesday, June 25, 2014 8:43 AM


Progress Feature Writer

Farmers who experienced livestock forage loss, especially in the drought summer of 2012 or who experienced livestock loss, especially in this past hard winter, could be eligible for assistance through the Livestock Forage Disaster Program, says Paulding County Farm Service Agent (FSA) Philip Lautenschlager.

Jeffery family heritage strengthened through the years
Wednesday, June 25, 2014 8:42 AM


Progress Staff Writer

Part 2 of 2

In part one of this story we learned about the Jeffery family’s adventures in Ohio and information about the Underground Railroad. James Jeffery married four times. His last wife was Marietta Barnes and that is where the Paulding County connection comes about. James Jeffery spent the last four years of his life in Paulding County and is buried at Live ak Cemetery.