During the week of April 14-17, the seniors of the Paulding High School National Honor Society went to New York City for a trip. They took a 13-hour bus ride from Paulding High School to New York on Monday the 14th.
They started their time in New York with visiting the “Today Show Live” on Tuesday morning. After being in the country their whole lives, the city was a big change. With all the traffic, they had to learn to cross the street in a timely manner, as well as get off the bus quickly. The students visited the Intrepid Museum to learn about the ships, airplane and jets during the the past wars. They got to visit Times Square on multiple occasions, to go shopping, eat dinner at Di Beppo Planet Hollywood, or just see the sites. Before they left for New York, they had a vote on which musical to see. The students chose to go see “Matilda” on Broadway. That was the last thing they visited on Tuesday, April 15.
The next morning, the 16th, they departed from their hotel in New Jersey to see the Statue of Liberty. They took the ferry to the Statue Island. There was only 20 minutes between each ferry ride to Ellis Island, so there was just enough time to get a few pictures. At Ellis Island, the students go to see the buildings that the immigrants stopped at as they made their way into the United States. The students had the chance to look up their families to see if they came to the United States through Ellis Island. The students enjoyed this part of the trip as they learned about the history of their families and country.
The next place the group visited was the 9/11 Memorial. It was a very somber time as the students listened to a witness from the event. He was a worker in the building during the first attack in 1993 as well as in 2001. He told about his experiences and how those days impacted his life. It was a very touching story. In the tribute center was a firefighter’s jacket, pieces of the buildings, an American Flag and many more. The list of the names who died took a whole wall. It was very important for the students to be able to see. The part of the trip that the students enjoyed very much was actually going to the waterfalls of the memorial where the towers stood.
Then they left for China Town to go shopping. Then they went back to Time Square for dinner and more time to sightsee, then in the evening went to Top of the Rock. Here, the students got to look out over the city with all the lights. It was a beautiful sight!
The next morning, they took off from the hotel to Carlos Bakery to have some tasty desserts. Then a long trip back home. Finally at 10 o’clock that Thursday evening the bus pulled into the high school drive.
Many of the students really enjoyed it, while others did not. Some want to go back or even live there. Overall, it was good trip for the Paulding High School Senior National Honor Society. There were 25 students and five adults on the trip.
ANTWERP – The Antwerp Local School Board met in regular session last Wednesday, June 25. The purchase of a new school bus and van was finalized, the 2014-15 school calendar was presented, personnel items were received, and a brief tour of the virtual academy was given.
On Wednesday, June 25, demolition began on the former Latty School in Latty, Ohio.
The school closed in the early 1950s after consolidating with Haviland/Scott to become Blue Creek School. Stoller Honey purchased the building, located on Ohio 613, and by the mid-1950s was bottling honey there.
Darl and Iva Stoller were watching the tear-down Thursday morning. Darl said his father, Irwin Stoller, had purchased the old school when it was condemned, around 1952, and the family installed equipment necessary for the bee business.
Irwin and Darl added a new section to the north side of the school, facing the highway, some time in the 1960s. They stopped packing honey there about 17 years ago and have been using the building for storage.
Darl's son, Kirk, is president of the company now. Kirk said in the 1960s, lightning hit the building and the roof caught fire. It was replaced with a flat roof. However, the flat roof had its own problems over the years. A severe storm damaged the roof two years ago, and although repairs were made, the structure has been deteriorating, leading to the decision to raze this local landmark. "Too many repairs, and it wasn't worth keeping," Kirk said.
The old, two-story section of the building is being demolished, leaving the old gym section and the newer 1960s addition. Currently, Kirk said, there are no plans for the rest of the structure.
COLUMBUS - Even as Ohio children enjoy their summer vacation, educational experts say it's important they find the time to sharpen their reading skills.
Janet Ingraham Dwyer, library consultant for the State Library of Ohio, says studies have confirmed that learning loss in the summer months can result in kids having to play catch-up at school in the fall.
"If a child is not engaging - with particularly reading, and other literacy activities - those skills are going to slip from lack of practice," says Dwyer.
That loss, or "summer slide," can be prevented through daily reading. Dwyer notes that summer reading programs are a great option to get children excited about reading, and libraries across the state offer programs that combine educational and fun activities for kids of all ages.
For children who are reluctant to read, Dwyer suggests allowing them to choose books on topics that interest them. Comic books, graphic novels and read-along audio books are good options for those who aren't strong readers.
Above all, she says, reading should not be considered a chore.
"Reading for pleasure is such an important and profound experience," says Dwyer. "The more a child likes to read and enjoys reading, and sees reading as an intrinsically satisfying and rewarding activity, the more that child is going to read."
She says parents can set good examples by reading themselves, or sitting down and enjoying a book with their child.
"The more that reading is a natural and normal part of what takes place in the family and in the household, the more in general the children, particularly younger children, will engage with it - because they are modeling what their parents do," she explains.
A recent survey of 1,000 parents found only one in three read with their child every night, and half said their children spend more time with TV or video games than books.
Concentrated Animal Feeding Facility size changed from animal unit definition to small, medium, large and major
As it relates to agriculture, the term animal unit was first used in 1976 as part of the federal rules and regulations requiring states to participate in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program. One animal unit was set to equal a 1,000-pound feeder steer. To calculate the number of animal units for other livestock species, multipliers were used. For example, the multiplier factor for ducks was 5 (5,000 animal units); mature dairy cows, 0.7 (700 animal units); swine weighing more than 55 pounds, 2.5 (2,500 animal units); laying hens, 100 (100,000 animal units), and turkeys, 55 (55,000 animal units).
Ohio S.B. 141 required the Concentrated Animal Feeding Facility (CAFF) Advisory Committee to conduct an examination of the scientific appropriateness of the definition of animal unit and prepare and submit their findings and any recommendations for legislative changes to the definition to the General Assembly, the governor, and the directors of the state Departments of Agriculture, Environmental Protection, and Natural Resources – which has been completed. S.B. 141 required farms with more than 1,000 animal units to have a state Permit to Install (PTI) and Permit to Operate (PTO).
Livestock farming today is drastically different than when the animal unit measurement was first created more than 25 years ago. In 1976, most concentrated livestock farming was in large, out-door pens. Now most species are housed in enclosed facilities with manure and rainwater storage facilities. The original definition of animal units also wasn’t based on the science of manure production; i.e., five ducks don’t produce as much manure as a 1,000-pound steer.
Adopting the categories changed by new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency rules that account for the larger size variations in livestock farming today, the CAFF Advisory Committee changed the animal unit measurements to small, medium, large and major.
Large concentrated animal feeding operations are required to obtain a PTI/PTO if they stable or confine at least the number of animals specified in any of the following categories:
•700 Mature dairy cows (whether milked or dry)
•1,000 Veal calves
•1,000 Cattle, other than mature dairy cattle or veal calves
•2,500 Swine (each weighing 55 pounds or more)
•10,000 Sheep or lambs
•30,000 Laying hens or broilers (using a liquid manure handling system)
•82,000 Laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)
•125,000 Chickens other than laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)
•5,000 Ducks (using a liquid manure handling system)
•30,000 Ducks (using a non-liquid manure handling system)
Major concentrated animal feeding facilities have a total design capacity of more than ten times the number of animals specified in the large category, and are required to obtain a state permit and certification from local governments.
Medium concentrated animal feeding operations are facilities that:
(1) stable or confine the number of animals specified in any of the following categories:
•200 to 699 Mature dairy cows (whether milked or dry)
•300 to 999 Veal calves
•300 to 999 Cattle, other than mature dairy cattle or veal calves
•750 to 2,499 Swine (each weighing 55 pounds or more)
•3,000 to 9,999 Swine (each weighing less than 55 pounds)
•150 to 499 Horses
•3,000 to 9,999 Sheep or lambs
•16,500 to 54,999 Turkeys
•9,000 to 29,999 Laying hens or broilers (using a liquid manure handling system)
•25,000 to 81,999 Laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)
•37,500 to 124,999 Chickens other than laying hens (using a non-liquid manure handling system)
•10,000 to 29,999 Ducks (using a non-liquid manure handling system)
•1,500 to 4,999 Ducks (using a liquid manure handling system)
(2) does one of the following:
•Discharges pollutants directly into waters of the United States through a ditch constructed by humans, and flushing system constructed by humans, or another similar device constructed by humans.
•Discharges pollutants directly into waters of the United States that originate outside of and that pass over, across, or through the facility or otherwise come into direct contact with the animals at the facility.
Small concentrated animal feeding operations are those that do not fit the definitions established for the large and medium animal feeding facilities, and are designated by the Agriculture Director as a small concentrated animal feeding operation pursuant to state rules.
PAULDING – A group of local citizens met at the Paulding Eagles on Tuesday evening, June 24 to express their concern about the arrival of yet another “megafarm” on county soil.
Pat Paulus, one of the spokespersons for the group, said that a proposed 2,400-head hog farm on County Road 95 has brought many citizens to concern over the question, “where is it going to go from here?”
Paulus, Matt Strayer and Lou Levy served as concerned citizens who led the discussion. Terry Buehler served as moderator for the group.
The premises of the group, Citizens Concerned for Quality Health, Water and Air in Paulding County, include, “we have the right to enjoy our home and property,” “we care about quality health, air and water” and “we want legislation, regulations and local control that protect us and our rights.”
Paulus, a native of Paulding County, was a professor of biology at Texas Christian University, but has recently moved back to the area. Concern over leaching of manure into county soil and water is one of her biggest interests at this time, Paulus said.
“I am a concerned neighbor. I believe strongly that we have a right to enjoy our homes and property,” Paulus said. “We deserve to have a quality environment, healthy air and good water. I would like to have us gain local control over some of these projects.
“I am concerned about land for habitat, restoration and water quality for Flat Rock,” continued Paulus. “I’m sorry that it took until now for me to get involved.
“I’m here because if we don’t do anything we will be a manure pit, a sewage lagoon,” added Paulus. “We have no local control. The commissioners didn’t bring this to us. It won’t magically go away. Everybody knows there is not an infinite amount of manure that can be absorbed. It’s got to max out somewhere.”
Paulus said that those who feel there is nothing to be concerned about should talk to people with lakefront property on Grand Lake St. Marys in Mercer County.
“You will find out if you have real estate next to a manure facility, there is no getting out; it has no market value, it will go down, down, down,” stressed Paulus.
Jocelyn Henderson, resource management specialist for the Department of Natural Resources, Division of Soil and Water, was present for the meeting.
Henderson said that her office examines reported incidents of concern in northwest Ohio. She urged those with concerns to contact her office. She noted that the primary concern of her department is that of protection of water.
Dr. Don Snyder said that he had been health commissioner of the county for 20 years. Snyder said that it has been his experience not to expect help from the Environmental Protection Agency, an organization that he feels is simply out to make money for itself.
“They (megafarmers) have every right to be there,” said Snyder. “You can’t stop them. Your right as a property owner is not equal to the right of those farms.
“Don’t tell us that it (manure) is not going to leach out in time, that it is not going to run out into the waterways,” said Snyder. “You still have a way to fight this. Make petitions, take samples, check high water, see if there is something there that promotes illness. You have something to fight for.
“They (lawmakers) have a right to set penalties and laws against anything that is a detriment to your health. Don’t feel helpless,” added Snyder.
Jerry Klopfenstein, who manages a large hog farm, said that taking on such a farm has been a good way to keep his children close to home and provide employment for them.
He noted that he has a structure by design that will hold over 500 days of manure.
“I watch the ground condition,” said Klopfenstein. “I work in those barns every day. I love to have family and friends around to work with. I want manure on my land; I want the nutrients to stay there.
“Regardless where you are, you have positives and negatives,” continued Klopfenstein. “Our kids came to us and wanted an opportunity to help take care of the land.”
Strayer, who lives in town, said that there are some days when manure from the farms can be smelled four or five miles away. He also commented on some of the social concerns of what such projects can cause in the community.
“Traditionally, rural communities have been more close-knit than urban,” said Strayer. “We come together, we can be close. I’m afraid that some of this will undo some of that.”
The next citizens' group meeting is planned for 7 p.m. Tuesday, July 8 at the Paulding Eagles.